Brexit statement and its aftermath

Brexit

On 24 June 2016, a few hours after the UK’s Brexit vote, our executive director issued a statement (copied below A).

Over the next few hours and days, many engaged with us via social media and e-mail. An overview of responses is below (B), in random order, but exactly replicating the ratio of supporters (80%) versus rejectors (20%).

Section C is our executive director’s response.


A – THE ORIGINAL STATEMENT

Brexit statement by Dr. Matthias Hammer, founder and executive director of Biosphere Expeditions

[Opinion piece in normal font | Repercussions for Biosphere Expeditions, its partners, supporters, participants, etc. in bold font below]

It is with great shock and sorrow that I notice the UK’s Brexit vote this morning. Following the campaigns, I was saddened not only by the overall tone of the debate, but also by the fear mongering and the ‘them and us’ attitude evident on both sides. Although the weight of economic opinion was in favour of staying inside the EU, I could see that there were valid arguments on both sides. Ultimately the outcome and repercussions of Brexit are unknowable and only time will tell. For me it therefore came down to a choice of visions of the kind of world we want to live in. Do we want to exist in a world where nationalistic interest, attitudes of ‘them and us’, suspicion and fear of the unknown – be it people or challenges – rule the day? History has told us where this leads. Or do we want to live in a world of collaboration, common visions, shared values, working towards a greater good, compassion and kindness? For me the answer was always obvious. The EU may be an undemocratic behemoth in serious need of reform, but it has given us freedom, peace and prosperity on a continent that until very recently had been at war with itself for millennia. Yet today it is unthinkable for my children to return to a trench, just because we disagree with the French or Italians or any other European partner for that matter. For that alone, the EU deserves the highest praise (and its Nobel peace prize) and I would be prepared to give up the Deutschmark or Pound any day of the week, over and over again, for that achievement.

As a German, having grown up in a federally organised state, for me there has never been a contradiction between being Franconian, Bavarian, German and European, all at the same time. It is not the either/or questions that it seems to be for the British (or rather English and Welsh). A feeling of belonging exists on multiple levels. You can support Arsenal as well as England, Bayern Munich as well as Germany. I am very sad to see that in England and Wales it was indeed either/or, rather than both.

And if it had not been for the EU, Biosphere Expeditions would probably not exist today. After school in Germany, I came to the UK (Scotland and England) to enjoy a first-class university education in biology, something I will always be grateful to Britain for, but something that would not have happened, had it not been for (very unbureaucratic) financial support from the EU, which paid my university fees by default, simply because I was an EU citizen studying in another EU country. I was free to study, move, live, marry, have children, start an NGO and thrive anywhere on a continent of shared values and visions. I am disconsolate that the UK took a significant step away from this yesterday. But this is the decision. And nothing is as constant as change, and the root of all sorrow is the attempt to cling onto things in constant flux.

So, as far as Biosphere Expeditions is concerned, our very own exit plan is now to move operations to Ireland and/or Scotland (should the Scots indeed split from the UK and remain in the EU). We have already started this process.

I would like to assure our partners, supporters and friends that we are committed to our existing expeditions and partnerships and will work hard to keep disruption to a minimum. We will do the same for our participants and staff. Much will happen behind the scenes, but at the front end, changes should be relatively small and we will keep you fully informed about them over the next months and years, as Brexit sadly unfolds.

Regards

Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions


B – REACTIONS (examples, sometimes abridged, in random order within categories)

AGAINST (20%)

I think Matthias has seen everything through rose tinted spectacles..”collaboration, common visions, shared values, working towards a greater good, compassion and kindness?” is all about the people of Europe and not a bunch of bureaucrats..ultimately I think we may have done the rest of the EU a favour as those un-elected fat cats who run the EU will now realise that they have to change the EU otherwise we will be the first of many leavers.

Good-bye then. Others will come in your stead.

This is what democracy is about and as much as we may or may not like the outcome I am saddened to read this response.

I voted Remain but now the British people have spoken I have to respect that and move on.You’re angry – yes I get that but this is a knee-jerk reaction. It seems to me you are cutting off your nose to spite your face. You are so angry that you want to move out – you mentioned Ireland – how about Germany? The fatherland is committed to the EU, you would be safer there surely.

I’ve just had an email from some guy in your company giving me his personal views on Brexit. Why would I care?

Very eloquently worded. The tone of the campaign has been vicious. Both sides have been guilty of lying, scaremongering and inciting hatred and it has been very derisive for the UK. Unfortunately the media focus was on immoderation without focusing on the other issues. I don’t believe people voted out because of racism or xenophobia. I believe in democracy and the EU is undemocratic. I don’t believe in centralisation but believe laws should be made at regional level. The euro will implode. Still believe we can have freedom of trade and movement without being part of the wider bureaucracy.

This email is really unnecessary and I am not at all impressed with it. Irresperc5tive of how anyone voted this feels like Biosphere throwing its toys out of the cot. I don’t want to be involved in an immature organisation that feels the need to send such a pathetic note.

Thankyou for your email but I have to say I am disappointed Biosphere has politicised themselves with the United Kingdom’s referendum decision. Your email says nothing about the environmental repercussions about Brexit. It seems your personal views and life history are central to your decision to move Biosphere’s operations, not the effect Brexit has on conservation.
Your email has made me question whether I want to go on the Sumatran tiger trip I have been saving up for. Biosphere should have a neutral stance on politics. Senior figures in the organisation should not be using the referendum to voice their views and change the organisation’s practice in an apparent act of revenge and defiance. I find your letter bizarre and am disappointed your personal views are affecting the organisation.

So sorry that you have seen fit to abandon us because you seem to think that we have done something terrible by voting to leave “an undemocratic behemoth in serious need of reform” (your words). Please remember that 48% of UK voters did not vote for this. Please also remember that the relatively recent armed conflicts in Bosnia & Kosovo, where unspeakable atrocities were committed, were not dealt with by the pathetic dithering EU but by NATO and the UN who are our ultimate arbiters of peace. I hope you will continue to regard us as your friends, as we do you. The UK has not voted to leave Europe, which we love, but the EU, which we do not.

I am struggling to respond to your e-mail.

I am a Yorkshre lass and proud of it. I support England, I support the UK, and in fact I voted to remain in the EU. You are entitled to your political opinion, and to give any press release you feel appropriate, but I am sat happily in my own garden in Yorkshre, England and I receive this e-mail from you which basically insults anyone English and forces your political opinion down my throat. I cannot get over the arrogance of this.

I am a member of Greenpeace, RSPB, 4paws, WWF and HSI all of which are concerned with conservation and/or animal welfare- some of these charities offered advise regarding the impact of in or out in the run up to this democratic vote, but none told me how to vote or made assumptions on who I voted for. It was their non judgemental information that helped me decide to vote in. It’s a pity you haven’t behaved in a similar fashion.

As I said I am not concerned by your press release, it is your opinion and you are entitled to that, but next time don’t send derogatory and judgemental emails to my home.

 

FOR (80%)

The decision to Leave appears to have been based on misguided self-interest, thinly veiled racism and fear of all things ‘foreign’. After everything that happened in the 20th century I find it appalling that this is what Britain has become and I am quite ashamed to be part of this country.

It feels like a terrible nightmare and one I hope we can wake up from – I know many (including myself) have signed a petition to call for a second referendum.

I just wanted to make it clear to you and others from countries in the EU and elsewhere that not everyone thinks in that way. The good core of people in the UK are welcoming and embrace people and ideas from elsewhere – it is one of the reasons I think make, or at least made, this country what it is, or sadly was.

That’s an excellent statement. Keep up the great work you do.

I have just read your Brexit statement and as a UK citizen I agree with everything you have written and I also am devastated and shocked by the referendum result. The vote was very close, 52% to 48% and we are now a divided nation as almost half of the population feel the same way as you and I. I understand why you want to move Biosphere from the UK, but I hope you won’t think this was a decision by the whole of the UK, or indeed the whole England, or Wales as this is most definitely not the case. I don’t know why people voted Leave. I think a lot of it was disillusionment with the establishment and feeling that they lacked a voice, so wanted to make themselves heard and protested by voting Leave, thinking this might solve their problems. It won’t. There was also a very effective campaign from the Leave politicians, while I think the Remain politicians didn’t take the threat of defeat seriously until it was too late. In the UK we will now have to live with the consequences of this decision, almost half of us disagree with which saddens me greatly.

Why don’t you move to the most European city in Europe: Amsterdam? Good luck with everything!

I undertook one of your expeditions to Ukraine while I was at university. I am from the UK and just want to apologise for the decision that has been made today. It is extremely worrying and a huge backwards step for the UK, the EU and the world generally. We tried our best, but obviously it was not good enough.

Well spoken and I think the people in Great Britain will have a long lasting hangover after this decison, especially as Scotland as well as N Ireland may now seek protection under the EU umbrella, ripping apart the UK.

Bravo. That is courageous, articulate, and shared by many on the continent. Congratulations for having the guts to change your headquarters. Hope many others follow suit.

Welcome to Scotland! But what a shock. I really didn’t think the public would vote this way; or at least hoped they wouldn’t. How the UK has changed in such a short time.

I agree with the philosophy of creating a world of collaboration, common visions, shared values, working towards a greater good, compassion and kindness.

How nicely said, Sir!

I just said to a colleague in the kitchen as we, in a very English style hovered near the ever boiling kettle ready for English tea, “It takes a German guy to speak proper English!”

I feel your comments are really well expressed. I feel also that I almost have to apologise to you and everyone that great leap away on the other side of the channel. What an awful morning this feels…

I am lucky to have foreign mates – be they German, French, Spanish, Polish, Portuguese and further afield from all around the world as a result of my peripatetic adventures as a teacher – I’m always amazed by how a commonality shines through – i.e. our desire as a species for fraternity, for solidarity, for kinship.

Somehow today feels that the U.K has taken a step away from this commonality. I must be careful not to be too emotional in any response as the shock of our exit is so new. Will these emotions die down? Probably, but then the intellectual upheaval remains…

Wow. Can’t agree more. More 50% of my fellow Britons have proved themselves to be ignorant, racist, economically unaware and lacking a sense of common humanity. Really, really sad day.

Disconsolate is the word. Suspect I’ll be moving to Belgium once my children finish their education here.

One of the best comments about Brexit I read in the last 12 h. I hope that Europe will be able to continue with the ideas behind the European Union. And of course I hope that Great Britain does well, no matter what decision they have taken/will take in future. I assume that especially for London, Scotland and Northern Irland the yes vote for Brexit is a nightmare and might lead to break the current structure of Great Britain. But that is difficult to judge while living in Germany and getting information only by media. All the best for your organisation.

Thanks for this statement. Very adequate reaction to the sad outcome of many years of populistic behaviour of many politicians.

The first of many. Wildlife conservation organisation Biosphere Expeditions makes plans to shift HQ as #Brexit unfolds.

A good, balanced and diplomatic statement. I too am shocked. Depsite all the prejudices and misunderstandings on both sides, I had not thought this possible. Unfortunately this will bring negative side effects, I am sure, to the UK and the EU. It’s a very, very sad day.

Very well written and I couldn’t agree more or be more troubled and saddened by this appalling choice…..

I’m too am sorry that the Brexit vote was passed. But it has happened and time to move on.

Should you decide to move your operations to my home country of Ireland, I hope you will be thoroughly happy with your decision. You can be assured that the Irish travel media will support you to every end. And I, as one of the travel media, wish you to extend you a warm welcome should that be your decision.

Thank you for your statement. It talks from my heart.

I and my family are totally reeling this morning. What a thoroughly depressing result that 48% of the population didn’t vote for! It was a dirty campaign which has resulted in this dangerous result!

Thanks for your interesting article.

So sorry to hear that you are having to relocate, but totally understand! As a British citizen I am embarrassed and appalled at yesterday’s events. I too am looking to leave. I work for the Environment Agency and much of the good work we do comes from EU directives and it has been a power for good. It could be improved, but only from within. I have admired your work for any years, I wish you all the best and hope you go from strength to strength.

As a fellow European, I agree with everything you have said and it is not either/or for me. Please dont forget that 48% of us agree with you as well!

I suspect there will be overwhelming agreement among Biosphere expeditioners in England and Wales for your sentiments. We can only now wait for the consequences to appear and to see what deal we can get from our former partners. It’s a sad day for for the whole of the EU – and a catastrophic one for the UK.

I do not live in England, but I can totally understand your arguments. Yes, lots of things are awry in the EU and yes, the EU is more than economics and banks. It stands for freedom, unity and peace on a shared continent. And Ireland is a beautiful country 😉

Understood! A lot of your thoughts are shared here. If you set up an office in Scotland, you can stop by (Edinburgh) for coffee anytime.

Choked on my brexfast this morning.. sad day.

Thank you for your great statement.

I really appreciated your personal essay / media note on Brexit. Articulate and personal. I felt it answered questions many in the US were asking.

Sorry to hear you’re moving the UK operations – everyone I know is utterly shocked and saddened by the referendum result 😦

Many Brexit-themed emails in my inbox: one of saddest is news that wonderful Biosphere Expedition now plans leaving UK, citing the moving reasons why.

I’m going to have to be apologising for the English for the next 50 years! Check the demographics – it’s mostly the over 50’s and “grey vote” that voted leave – so much for the 1960’s generation of “free love”! A terrifying lurch to the right by the UK public – My Brexit plan is to marry xxx and get a French Passport!

Again I’m so, so, sorry and I feel your pain

It’s a disaster and it is truly shocking, especially as our largest cities were massively in favour of staying. The pensioners have sabotaged their grandchildren. Cameron should have done his research before gambling with our future this way. I am appalled at the bigotry.

Hats off to the Scots and to London, Oxford, et al who voted with big majorites to remain… if only. 48% of the population desparately unhappy is hardly a result.

You are probably the first of many to relocate. I only wish I had mixed parentage and could leave myself.

Shocking, depressing and .. words fail me. Thank you for your statement.

Thank you Mattias for your clear statement. I am deeply ashamed and sickened by what Britain has become.

Thanks Matthias for your clear statement. I can’t really believe it…

Very well said … but also very sad.

A thoughtful statement from a man I respect

I am very shocked and dismayed by this too. I like us being part of something bigger, I like free movement of people, I like a multicultural society (it broadens everyone’s mind and helps us to understand each other – after all, under the skin and different languages, we are all the same), I like the protection afforded us against our own government having TOTAL control (big mistake!) and I just feel that this is another breaking apart of the whole world as well as Europe.

I, also like you Matthias, studied in the UK (zoology) thanks to the financial support of the EU (I am Spanish). The news of the UK exiting has been shocking and sad. Many people are going to miss out on studying and prospering in an incredible country. Thanks for your statement.

Even though I don’t live in the UK I still find it hard to believe that this actually happened, and I’m worried about the consequence and possible long term implications. But – if you do decide to come to Ireland, come to Galway – best place! Plus, I may even get a chance to get involved in something 🙂

I too am embarrassed by the outcome of the referendum and fear the future isolation of Britain that seems likely. I fully agree with your views and understand your decisions.

Thank you for sending your response to the result of the UK referendum on membership of the EU on behalf of Biosphere Expeditions.

Like you I was stunned by the result. I couldn’t believe that we were prepared to throw so much away because of the untruths that had been circulating.

Here in Scotland we voted by 62% to remain part of the EU.

I very much agree with the idea of people and nations working together for a common good which is why I voted for us to stay part of the EU.

However, what is encouraging is the very large number of others who voted to ‘Remain’. There are still some fantastic people working very hard to help make the world a better place which is why I continue to support Biosphere Expeditions. I have recently finished a series of talks based on my adventures with Biosphere Expeditions in the Altai Mountains in 2009. I was able to update on snow leopard conservation and give out information about Biosphere Expeditions.

I think it is very important to stay positive. There are plenty of others out there spreading ‘doom and gloom’ messages!

Should you decide to move to Scotland then I’m sure you will be very welcome as here we value our wildlife, environment and people.

Please carry on your great work and don’t despair as if you do that means the scaremongers will have won!

Please also get in touch if you think I can help with anything from here.

It’s a great descision that you have made to shift the operations to Ireland and Scottland.

Thank you for the statement. Well said. I was in disbelief when I heard the news and saddened watching it all unfold from Australia.

I understand the position you have to take for Biosphere. All the best with the move.

What a profound, frank and well-argued statement, Matthias.

I echo your sentiments. It is very sad but the decision has been made and I hope GB will move forward with its neighbours in a positive manner. It’s the best we can hope for.

Understand the sentiment and fully agree with your response to this most unfortunate Brexit decision. A Nation just voted to replace the Great in their name with words like self-absorbed, racist, angry, intolerant. It is sad and regressive. Pity.


C – MATTHIAS HAMMER’S CONCLUDING RESPONSE

Thank you very much for the many messages. Thank you also for the support, food for thought and challenging arguments. I really appreciate people taking the time to write in with their views. In response to the very many messages we have received (the above are just a cross-section), I would like to make the following things clear.

  1. I apologise if I appeared in any way xenophobic or anti-English/British, defeatist, aggressive, derogatory, judgemental, spiteful or unkind. This is certainly not how I feel or what I wanted to convey.
  2. Please allow me to reassure everyone that nobody is abandoning anyone and that my statement was not a knee-jerk reaction. I am sorry if it came across that way. We will retain an office in Norwich, but will move our HQ out of the UK. Our own exit plan was conceived over a period of weeks whilst the campaign was under way. It is as much a business case, as it is a personal conviction. Now that Brexit is a sad reality, our exit plan is simply being implemented.
  3. I agree with the person from the Environment Agency who wrote in to say that the EU was a force for good as far as the environment is concerned. Indeed I believe that Brexit is very bad news for the UK environment.

Finally, over the last few days, the statement that sums it up best for me is the one by Nicholas Barrett, who wrote:

“Firstly, it was the working classes who voted to leave because they were economically disregarded and it is they who will suffer the most in the short term from the dearth of jobs and investment.

Secondly, the younger generation has lost the right to live and work in 27 other countries. We will never know the full extent of lost opportunities, friendships, marriages and experiences we will be denied. Freedom of movement was taken away by our parents, uncles and grandparents in a parting blow to a generation that was already drowning in the debts of its predecessors.

Thirdly and perhaps most significantly, we now live in a post-factual democracy. Can anybody tell me the last time a prevailing culture of anti-intellectualism has lead to anything other than bigotry?”

Regards

Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions

From our snow leopard volunteering expedition in the Tien Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan (http://www.biosphere-expeditions.org/tienshan)

Hello everyone and welcome to the Tien Shan 2016 expedition diary!

My name is Malika and I will be your expedition leader on the first group together with Phil. Phil will then take over leading groups 2 & 3 of this year’s snow leopard conservation expedition to the Tien Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan.

Malika Fettak

Malika Fettak

Phil Markey

Phil Markey

For the third time this Biosphere Expeditions project will be run in collaboration with NABU Kyrgyzstan and the ‘Gruppa Bars’ (snow leopard patrol), consisting of four Kyryzs NABU members of staff that work in snow leopard conservation all whole year round. Each group will be accompaigned by two Gruppa Bars members (and I’ll introduce you to everyone in due course). They will be our guides, mountain experts, spokespeople and link to the local herders.

Dr. Volodya Tytar, originally from the Ukraine, is the expedition scientist. He has been working on this snow leopard project for more than a decade from the very beginning in the Altai mountains of Russia, before the study site was moved to Kyrgyzstan in 2014. If you would like to read about last year’s results, the 2015 expedition report will be ready for downloading within the next few days. You’ll receive an e-mail notification soon! Older reports are on www.biosphere-expeditions.org/reports.

Dr. Volodya Tytar

Dr. Volodya Tytar

As in previous years, we will also have a couple of local placements on each group. They all have a specific interest in conservation, good knowledge of English and will help with communications in general and with conducting interviews at local herders’ yurts in particular.

So far so good. All staff involved are busy with organising things by e-mailing from our desks in Germany, the UK, Kiev and Bishkek, but we will all finally meet at the Bishkek NABU office on Sunday. So we will be about a week ahead of you, fetching base camp equipment from storage, checking and shopping for items that need to be replaced, buying supplies, etc. We will scout out a base camp location, set up camp, meet our cook Emma, shop for food (a lot) and make sure everything will be ready and in place for research work to commence when the first team arrives.

As regards the research work, have a look below, where methods and equipment are explained. The more you know now, the easier it will be for you during the first two training days, so do swot up, if you can. In addition to studying the dossier, have a look at the “Methods & equipment” playlist. The bits that are relevant to the expedition are first and foremost our cell survey methodology, followed by GPS, compass & map, Garmin etrex 20, PBLs, camera trapping and binoculars. Enjoy!

Finally, a word on some additional research we will be doing (that is not mentioned in the dossier): Amadeus, a local placement who joined the expedition in 2015, has created a ‘Butterflies of Kyrgyzstan’ app based on data that were collected last year. We will continue collecting butterfly data along the way on survey walks either by pen & paper or, much better, by putting data directly into the app. The app is available for downloading at WWW.DISCOVERNATURE.ORG.KG (Android version only). So, if you are planning to bring your personal Android smartphone, please consider downloading the app (how we will recharge all the phones in the absence of a convenient power plug is another matter ;). We will also be collecting data on birds that will contribute to creating a similar ‘Birds of Kyrgyzstan’ app in due course. Of course you will be trained on all of this during the introduction and training day!

That’s it for now. Once Phil and I have arrived in Bishkek we’ll be in touch again with our local phone numbers and some more updates from the ground.

Best wishes

Malika Fettak

Expedition leader

Continue reading

From our scuba diving conservation holiday with whale sharks and coral reefs of the Maldives (http://www.biosphere-expeditions.org/maldives)

Hi, my name is Kathy and I’m going to be your leader for this year’s Maldives expedition starting soon. I’m going to be leaving the UK at the weekend to ensure that everything is well prepared for your arrival on 9 July. Once I have made it to Male’, I’ll be in touch again with my local mobile number and some updates.

Kathy Gill

Kathy Gill

We are expecting a substantial amount of bleaching to have occurred this year, so be prepared for some strange sights on our surveys.  Our scientist, Jean-Luc, knows a lot about the phenomenon that has caused this and the extent of the impact around the world, so expect to learn a lot about it and the work that has been going on around the problem. We will be documenting an exceptional event and your work on this will be crucial.

Dr. Jean-Luc Solandt

Dr. Jean-Luc Solandt

This is what Jean-Luc has said about the expedition this year: “The reason we’re doing this route is unfortunately one of sadness – to see the impact of climate change. As everyone’s probably aware, a massive bleaching event has hit the Maldives in May as a result of a strong and long El Niño. It has killed many shallow water Maldives reefs. El Niño increases surface sea water temperatures in coastal and oceanic waters, stressing many corals. Our trip is to see the extent of the damage caused by the hot water that was over Maldives reefs in early May. As our trip is in July, it allows us to see the short-term recovery of the reefs that we’ve been surveying since 2011. Our work this year, and in subsequent years, is to see which sites are more resilient.”

Below is our proposed survey route FYI.

I’m really looking forward to meeting you all and I hope your travels go well.

Regards

Kathy Gill
Biosphere Expeditions

Continue reading

From our Sumatran tiger conservation volunteering holiday in Indonesia (http://www.biosphere-expeditions.org/sumatra)

Hello and welcome to the Sumatra expedition diary

My name is Ida Vincent and I will be your expedition leader on this Biosphere Expeditions project, helping our local partner WWF Indonesia with their Sumatran tiger conservation.

Ida Vincent

Ida Vincent

Our local scientists Febri and Ifran will train us in all aspects of the field work once we arrive at the Subayang Field Station and Dr. Matthias Hammer, executive director of Biosphere Expeditions, will also be joining us for the first few days, to help with getting set up.

Febri Anggriawan Widodo

Febri Anggriawan Widodo

I trust all your preparations are going well, and I look forward to meeting the first expedition team in just over two weeks on 17 July. I will be at hotel Red Planet for the 08:00 assembly. It is important that you are not late, as we have a busy day ahead of us transferring to the field station and starting the training, so we can get to work.

I’ll be about a week ahead of you and once I am in Pekanbaru on 11 July, I will be in touch again with my local mobile phone number and other updates from the field. I hope your preparations are going well and you are ready for an expedition experience, for this is what it’s going to be. For those of you still hoping for a tiger safari, please have a look at the expedition report from last year, available via www.biosphere-expeditions.org/reports 😉

Please do have another look through your dossier too and familiarise yourself with all the information and make sure you have all the necessary kit.

I look forward to working with you on this expedition.

Ida Vincent

Expedition Leader


As regards the research work, have a look below, where methods and equipment are explained. The more you know now, the easier it will be for you during the first two training days, so do swot up, if you can. In addition to studying the dossier, have a look at the “Methods & equipment” playlist. The bits that are relevant to the expedition are first and foremost our cell survey methodology, followed by GPS, compass & map, Garmin etrex 20, PBLs, camera trapping and binoculars. Enjoy!


From our Sumatran tiger conservation volunteering holiday with tigers in Sumatra, Indonesia